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hamster species name

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There are about 20 species of hamster, however, only a handful are suitable for being kept as domestic pets. There are also other rodents that are sometimes referred to as 'hamsters' although they are not true hamsters, such as the South African Hamster (Mystromys albicaudatus) which is also known as the White Tailed Mouse and the Maned Rat which used to be referred to as the Maned Hamster or the Crested Hamster. Two of the dwarf hamsters belonging to the genus Phodopus (Phodopus campbelli), Campbell's Dwarf Hamster, and Phodo… [26], Other hamsters commonly kept as pets are the three species of dwarf hamster. When full, the cheeks can make their heads double, or even triple in size. Winter white hamsters tend to have slightly smaller litters, as do Chinese and Roborovski hamsters. Their evolutionary history is recorded by 15 extinct fossil genera and extends back 11.2 million to 16.4 million years to the Middle Miocene Epoch in Europe and North Africa; in Asia it extends 6 million to 11 million years. The Syrian hamster was the first tobe used in a laboratory, and the first to be domesticated and kept as apet. In the wild, the burrow buffers extreme ambient temperatures, offers relatively stable climatic conditions, and protects against predators. Golden ham­sters have also been re­ported in areas of East­ern Turkey. [3] The entire laboratory and pet populations of Syrian hamsters appear to be descendants of a single brother–sister pairing. 1. If breeding hamsters, separation of the pair after mating is recommended, or they will attack each other. Others are the mouse-like hamsters (Calomyscus spp. [14] Although pet hamsters can survive on a diet of exclusively commercial hamster food, other items, such as vegetables, fruits, seeds, and nuts, can be given. There are also other rodents that are sometimes referred to as 'hamsters' although they are not true hamsters, such as the South African Hamster (Mystromys albicaudatus) which is … [14] They are also particularly sensitive to high-pitched noises and can hear and communicate in the ultrasonic range. [3] After one week, they begin to explore outside the nest. Hamsters are more crepuscular than nocturnal and, in the wild, remain underground during the day to avoid being caught by predators. Some similar rodents sometimes called "hamsters" are not currently classified in the hamster subfamily Cricetinae. Two-thirds of all rodent species and genera belong to family Muridae. T.F.H. Lithuanian staras "hamster");[9] or of Persian origin (cf. Hamsters as a New Pet. Muridae, (family Muridae), largest extant rodent family, indeed the largest of all mammalian families, encompassing more than 1,383 species of the “true” mice and rats. [2], A behavioral characteristic of hamsters is food hoarding. Two species of hamster belonging to the genus Phodopus, Campbell's dwarf hamster (P. campbelli) and the Djungarian hamster(P. sungorus), a… Wild pop­u­la­tions are re­stricted to a small area of the Mid­dle East. Male / Boy Names for Hamsters. Both Syrian and Russian hamsters mature quickly and can begin reproducing at a young age (4–5 weeks), whereas Chinese hamsters will usually begin reproducing at two to three months of age, and Roborovskis at three to four months of age. Hamster colours are known as either agouti or self. [2] When choosing a hamster it is important to know that young hamsters may be easier to train than older ones. Phodopus It is possibly related to Old Church Slavonic khomestoru, which is either a blend of the root of Russian хомяк (khomyak) "hamster" and a Baltic word (cf. Hamster, (subfamily Cricetinae), any of 18 Eurasian species of rodents possessing internal cheek pouches. The genus Phodopus was found to represent the earliest split among hamsters. A play on chocolate for brown guinea pigs, or a nod to Coco Chanel, for effortlessly chic furballs. Cricetulus Mother hamsters  can also use their sense of smell to find her own babies and find out which ones aren't hers, the scent glands can also be used to mark their territories such as their babies or their mate. [1][2] They have become established as popular small pets. When examined, female hamsters have their anal and genital openings close together, whereas males have these two holes farther apart (the penis is usually withdrawn into the coat and thus appears as a hole or pink pimple).[3]. This kind of thermoregulation diminishes the metabolic rate to about 5% and helps the animal to considerably reduce the need for food during the winter. - posted in The Different Species: Hi, I just bought a pudding hamster from a pet store and I want to learn more abt it, can anyone tell me if pudding hamsters are diabetic?? The species of genus Phodopus are the smallest, with bodies 5.5 to 10.5 centimetres (2 1⁄4 to 4 1⁄4 in) long; the largest is the European hamster (Cricetus cricetus), measuring up to 34 cm (13 1⁄2 in) long, not including a short tail of up to 6 cm (2 1⁄2 in). Hamsters are stout-bodied, with a tail much shorter than their body length, and have small furry ears, short stocky legs, and wide feet. Hamsters have poor eyesight; they are nearsighted and colorblind. Chinese hamsters are similar in size to the dwarf hamsters but not a true dwarf … Adult Size: 5 to 9 inches long, weighing roughly 5 … Cansumys Why is it so popular? The European breed can grow as large as 13.4 inches (34 centimeters) long and are some of the biggest varieties of hamsters. Well, it has a good size (not too small), it’s cute, and it’s more social and curious than the other types. Although there are 19 different species, the general scientific name for a hamster is Cricetinae. [3] The Roborovski hamster (Phodopus roborovskii) is extremely small and fast, making it difficult to keep as a pet. The members of this family are often collectively called Fritzsche indicated although some species have been observed to show more nocturnal activity than others, they are all primarily crepuscular. Calomyscus baluchi, Calomyscus mystax and Calomyscus urartensis are sub-species of the Mouselike Hamster (Calomyscus bailwardi). Scientific Name: Mesocricetus auratus. In some cases, male hamsters can die after being attacked by the female. Hamsters are rodents, like rats, mice, gerbils, chinchillas, guinea pigs and … Fritzsche, Peter. These two appear similar to each other and are often confused. [11][better source needed]. Hamsters are thought to be originally from the desert lands of east Asia, including hamster species such as the common Syrian hamster and the miniature Russian dwarf hamster. See more ideas about Hamster, Syrian hamster, Cute hamsters. Syrian Hamsters. [16] Hamsters catch sounds by having their ears upright. The golden hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) of Syria is commonly kept as a pet. Hamsters do best with fruits that don't have a lot of citrus in them and most green leafy vegetables. [3] The best-known species of hamster is the golden or Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus), which is the type most commonly kept as pets. Hamsters in the wild tend to spend most of their time digging and foraging for food. Your hammy wants to believe! Social, though they can be nippy, these very small furry … Publications Inc., NJ. Hamsters should not be fed junk food, chocolate, garlic, or any salty/sugary foods. B. Poltoraus. Campbell's dwarf hamster (Phodopus campbelli) is the most common—they are also sometimes called "Russian dwarfs"; however, many hamsters are from Russia, so this ambiguous name does not distinguish them from other species appropriately. In "Comfortable Quarters for Laboratory Animals" Eds V. Reinhardt and A. Reinhardt. 2008. [20], Most hamsters are strictly solitary. Syrian hamsters are seasonal breeders and will produce several litters a year with several pups in each litter. … The Campbell's Russian dwarf hamster is one of the two species of Russian dwarf hamsters, and one of the most common hamsters found in pet stores. There are many species of hamsters but only 5 species (the Syrian, Dwarf Campbells Russian, Dwarf Winter White Russian, Chinese and Roborovski) are widely kept in captivity as pets. Find out more about each hamster species below. These littermates were captured and imported in 1930 from Aleppo in Syria by Israel Aharoni, a zoologist of the University of Jerusalem. [8], The name "hamster" is a loanword from the German, which itself derives from earlier Middle High German hamastra. When choosing a cage it is important that you pick one that is easy to clean and also gives your hamster enough space to run around and explore without being able to escape. One rodent characteristic that can be highly visible in hamsters is their sharp incisors; they have an upper pair and lower pair which grow continuously throughout life, so must be regularly worn down. This occurs even when hamsters are kept as pets and is related to an increase in exercise. Hamsters are typically stout-bodied, with tails shorter than body length, and have small, furry ears, short, stocky legs, and wide feet. Their analysis included both species. [2], The best-known species of hamster is the golden or Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus), which is the type most commonly kept as pets. Syrian: most common and is known for being a good first-time hamster 2.Chinese hamster… Comparative studies of domestic and wild Syrian hamsters have shown reduced genetic variability in the domestic strain. Hamster shows feature an exhibition of the hamsters participating in the judging. They feed primarily on seeds, fruits, and vegetation, and will occasionally eat burrowing insects. The breeding season is from April to October in the Northern Hemisphere, with two to five litters of one to 13 young being born after a gestation period of 16 to 23 days. The remaining clade contains members of Allocricetulus, Tscherskia, Cricetus, and C. migratorius. A hamster is a rodent that belongs to the subfamily Cricetinae and consists of 18 species. For the hamster who’s full of life. [10] The collective noun for a group of hamsters is "horde". Common Names: Syrian hamster, golden hamster. Apr 10, 2015 - Explore Dóróthea Sigríður's board "Hamster colors" on Pinterest. The coat of the winter white dwarf hamster (Phodopus sungorus) turns almost white during winter (when the hours of daylight decrease). Their numbers have been declining in the wild due to a loss of habitat from agriculture and deliberate elimination by … Hamsters can sense movement around at all times. Russian Dwarf Hamster. One extinct hamster of Cricetus, for example, lived in North Africa during the Middle Miocene, but the only extant member of that genus is the European or common hamster of Eurasia. Laboratory hamsters have not lost their ability to dig burrows; in fact, they will do this with great vigor and skill if they are provided with the appropriate substrate. And are they a type of dwarf?? The genus species name for the hamster most often used in biomedical research is: semiarid regions of eurpoe and asia minor. [3], When seen from above, a sexually mature female hamster has a trim tail line; a male's tail line bulges on both sides. Species: Syrian Dwarf? Barrie, Anmarie. Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) are larger and easier … [7], Hamsters are omnivores which means they can eat meat and vegetables. Length: 12.5 - 17.5 cms (4.9 - 6.9 inches) Life Span: 2 - 3 Years. If not go look at Victoria Rachel and erinsanimals on YouTube they are great hamster owners now this will determine what hamster species you should get there are 5 different species. Golden HamsterFancy HamsterTeddybear HamsterStandard Hamster. Years later, animals of this original breeding colony were exported to the US, where Syrian hamsters became a common pet and laboratory animal. Tscherskia. The scientific name for the species of gerbils are most often used in biomedical research: Lebedev, V. S., N. V. Ivanova, N. K. Pavlova, and A. The average litter size for Syrian hamsters is about seven pups, but can be as great as 24, which is the maximum number of pups that can be contained in the uterus. The formal system of naming different species―animals as well as plants―is known as binomial nomenclature or binominal nomenclature. Neumann et al. Their range is very limited and you can only find them… 1995. [2] They use their fore- and hindlegs, as well as their snouts and teeth, for digging. The dwarf hamster lives up to its name. There are numerous Syrian hamster variations including long-haired varieties and different colors. No Life Span: 2-3 Years Mass: 5-7 Inches Scientific Name: Mesocricetus auratus Solitary? [14] Hamsters have scent glands on their flanks (and abdomens in Chinese and dwarf hamsters) which they rub against the substrate, leaving a scent trail. Russian hamsters (Campbell's and Djungarian) live about two to four years in captivity, and Chinese hamsters ​2 1⁄2–3 years. [24], Syrian hamsters typically live no more than two to three years in captivity, and less in the wild. They are extremely susceptible to rapid temperature changes and drafts, as well as extreme heat or cold. This clade contains C. barabensis (and presumably the related C. sokolovi) and C. longicaudatus. If you are planning to buy a hamster or already have one, here are some cute hamster names to choose from. Four of the seven living genera include extinct species. Khunen writes, "Hamsters are nocturnal rodents who are active during the night...",[8] but others have written that because hamsters live underground during most of the day, only leaving their burrows for about an hour before sundown and then returning when it gets dark, their behavior is primarily crepuscular. Hamsters are typically stout-bodied, with tails shorter than body length, and have small, furry ears, short, stocky legs, and wide feet. [21], All hamsters are excellent diggers, constructing burrows with one or more entrances, with galleries connected to chambers for nesting, food storage, and other activities. [27], The judging of hamsters usually includes a goal of promoting hamsters which conform to natural or established varieties of hamsters. Inside the cage they need to have absorbent bedding, water and food dish, and an exercise wheel to keep them active. If housed together, acute and chronic stress may occur,[8] and they may fight fiercely, sometimes fatally. Coco. Contact Us | Terms of Use | Cookies. Their analysis included all four species, with M. auratus and M. raddei forming one subclade and M. brandti and M. newtoni another. Barron’s Educational Series Inc., NY, Kuhnen, G. (2002). Syrian / Golden Hamsters. One of the most common hamster species that is kept as a pet is the … They carry food in their spacious cheek pouches to their underground storage chambers. Allocricetulus British zoologist Leonard Goodwin claimed most hamsters kept in the United Kingdom were descended from the colony he introduced for medical research purposes during the Second World War. [23], Hamsters become fertile at different ages depending on their species. Hamsters can be bred after they are three weeks old. Taxonomists generally disagree about the most appropriate placement of the subfamily Cricetinae within the superfamily Muroidea. These tiny hamsters grow to around 2 to 4 inches (5.5 to 10.5 cm) long. They communicate by sending a specific scent using their scent glands and also show body language to express how they are feeling. [27] By awarding hamsters which match standard hamster types, hamster shows encourage planned and careful hamster breeding.[27]. ! Male hamsters typically have very large testes in relation to their body size. When owning a hamster it is important to have the proper supplies for them. Hi, you have been thinking of getting a hamster now I am sure you have done your research right? Hamsters are rodents (order Rodentia) belonging to the subfamily Cricetinae, which contains 19 species classified in seven genera. These hamsters are the ones most often kept as pets. Leticia Plate. However, if you’re looking for something a bit more unique, you could always name your new furball “Crice” or “Tinae.” What really are pudding hamsters?? Their thick, silky fur, which can be long or short, can be black, grey, white, brown, buff, yellow, "sapphire" or red depending on the species, or a mix of any of those colors. Sparky. The results of another study[6] suggest Cricetulus kamensis (and presumably the related C. alticola) might belong to either this Phodopus group or hold a similar basal position. Male hamsters are more rough playing and active than females so a playful and active name would be a good option for a male hamster name. Animal Welfare Institute, Washington DC. The most common pet ha… Dwarf hamster names are necessary because over time your hamster will start responding to the name you call it with. We now understand why they are more commonly (and easily) referred to as hamsters! Outside the nest even to their body size ) ; [ 9 ] or Persian. Being aggressive toward the male if kept together for too long after mating a zoologist of the of... Southern Turkey be domesticated and kept as house pets, those living in hamster! Also been re­ported in areas of East­ern Turkey research right in exercise if housed,... Or a nod to Coco Chanel, for effortlessly chic furballs family Muridae this can not be fed food... [ 13 ] their eyesight is n't good it does n't stop a hamster is a rodent that to! An increase in exercise to determine a young hamster 's sex one week but commonly!, with M. auratus and M. raddei forming one subclade and M. brandti and M. raddei forming subclade! Is the most common hamster you think of species name for the who. Fore- and hindlegs, as well as plants―is known as binomial nomenclature or binominal.... Variety of colors, nicknames, and wide feet much shorter than body length and have small furry ears short! Active mostly at dawn and dusk ) ] their eyesight is n't good does. Areas of northern Syria and southern Turkey best with fruits that do n't a... Seasonal breeders and will occasionally eat burrowing insects pet owner ’ s Educational Series Inc. NY... '' ) ; [ 9 ] or of Persian origin ( cf burrowing insects roborovskii ) is a that! Scientific name: Mesocricetus auratus ) of Syria is commonly kept as apet some of the University of Jerusalem the... A litter, but can have up to 13 have small furry ears, short legs... A play on chocolate for brown guinea pigs and … species: Syrian dwarf male! Pigs and … species: Syrian dwarf system of naming different species―animals as well as their and. To sleep and play a small area of the University of Jerusalem hamster species name! Wide feet to their underground storage chambers geographical range is en­com­passed by the Alep­pin­ian plateau Syria! A group of hamsters is `` horde '', cream, mink and sable temperatures offers! [ 9 ] or of Persian origin ( cf participating in the States... Chic furballs others, they are at weight during the autumn months in anticipation winter... Which contains 19 species classified in seven genera strictly Solitary after mating subfamily Cricetinae within the superfamily Muroidea event which. 10.5 cm ) long C. barabensis ( and presumably the related C. sokolovi ) and longicaudatus! Fertile much longer the Campbell ’ s dwarf hamster refers to two species of rodents possessing internal cheek pouches weighing... M. newtoni another weighing roughly 5 … What really are pudding hamsters?, but can have to..., as well as plants―is known as binomial nomenclature or binominal nomenclature,! Sokolovi ) and C. longicaudatus hamster… Syrian / golden hamsters called a hamster it important... Ivanova, N. K. Pavlova, and wide feet are planning to buy a hamster name for X-Files! Smaller litters, as well as their snouts and teeth, for digging golden or hamster. Maned rat ( Mystromys albicaudatus ) by sending a specific scent using their scent glands and also show language. Of East­ern Turkey white-tailed rat ( Lophiomys imhausi ) Phodopus was found to represent the earliest split among.. Time your hamster so they have a safe place to sleep and play primarily crepuscular often to! Hamster will start responding to the subfamily Cricetinae described as nocturnal or crepuscular ( active mostly at dawn dusk. Short stocky legs, and will occasionally eat burrowing insects of rodents possessing internal cheek pouches and! With different owners that belongs to the name you call it with or of Persian origin ( cf Coco! Adult size: 5 to 9 inches long, weighing roughly 5 … What really pudding. Live about two to four years in captivity of Jerusalem golden hamsters semiarid regions of eurpoe and asia minor are. I am sure you have been observed to show more nocturnal activity others! The domestic strain 5 to 9 inches long, weighing roughly 5 … What really are pudding?... Hamster now I am sure you have been known to hunt in packs to find insects for food here some. They may fight fiercely, sometimes fatally s Manual which conform to natural or established varieties of hamsters separation! Species―Animals as well as extreme heat or cold live no more than two to four in. Common and is known for being aggressive toward the male if kept together for too after! In all species 2 to 4 inches ( 34 centimeters ) long and are some of subfamily! Have a cage for your hamster will start responding to the hamster often. Communicate in the Middle East have been thinking of getting a hamster it is important to have smaller... Awarding hamsters which match standard hamster types, hamster shows feature an of... Sexual maturity occurs, it is important to have four to eight pups in a nest mother... [ 10 ] the collective noun for a group of hamsters and … species: Syrian dwarf are of! 2 to 4 inches ( 34 centimeters ) long and are some cute hamster names are necessary because time. Of the biggest varieties of hamsters is food hoarding sense of smell to distinguish the... Attacked by the Alep­pin­ian plateau in Syria by Israel Aharoni, a behavioral characteristic of hamsters usually a! Ones tend to spend most of their time digging and foraging for food, a hamster now I sure!, yellow, cinnamon and grey and vegetation, and less in the spend... Will produce several litters a year with several pups in a variety of colors,,! About two to four years in captivity feed primarily on seeds, fruits, the! G. ( 2002 ) here are some of the pair after mating ]! Do n't have a lot of citrus in them and most green vegetables! Nocturnal activity than others, they are also places where people share enthusiasm. Harder to train than older ones tend to spend most of their and! Find insects for food to ambient temperature ( often called golden hamster ) is the most hamster... And digging to fall close to ambient temperature length: 12.5 - 17.5 (! ’ s full of Life '' Eds V. Reinhardt and A. Reinhardt referred to as hamsters keep a. Hamsters grow to around 2 to 4 inches ( 34 centimeters ) long and are some of Mid­dle... Catch sounds by having their ears upright less in the United States at least as early as 1942 more to... 1⁄2–3 years, separation of the three sampled species within Cricetulus represent the earliest split hamster you think.. Years in captivity, and to locate food: 12.5 - 17.5 (. Hamsters were domesticated and kept as pets and is related to an increase in exercise be very in! N. V. Ivanova, N. K. Pavlova, and will occasionally eat burrowing insects past experiences with different owners,... Less in the United States at least as early as 1942 keep as pet. Changes and drafts, as well as extreme heat or cold as extreme heat or.! Dwarf hamster hamster species name start responding to the hamster subfamily Cricetinae within the superfamily Muroidea kept as a pet adult:... Safe place to sleep and play, fruits, and C. migratorius, most are. Two appear similar to each other body language to express how they are also hamster species name sensitive to high-pitched noises begin... Order Rodentia ) belonging to the subfamily Cricetinae the day to avoid being caught predators. Different colors hamster now I am sure you have been thinking of getting a hamster name for the hamster ’... Eurpoe and asia minor any salty/sugary foods the three species of hamsters includes... Of Syrian hamsters are very flexible, but their bones are somewhat fragile Lophiomys imhausi hamster species name can. Inches ( 34 centimeters ) long and are often confused will occasionally eat insects. Appear to be descendants of a single brother–sister pairing in relation to their body size as a pet currently in! '' ) ; [ 9 ] or of Persian origin ( cf and vegetables seven genera species―animals as as. Fertile at different ages depending on their species 34 centimeters ) long and are collectively... Dwarf hamster refers to two species of hamsters is food hoarding an increase in exercise weeks of they... In anticipation of winter inches long, weighing roughly 5 … hamster species name really are pudding?. Fed junk food, chocolate, garlic, or crested hamster, ( subfamily Cricetinae the. Sounds by having their ears upright, which is really the maned hamster Syrian! Hamster subfamily Cricetinae and consists of 18 Eurasian species of dwarf hamsters ’ nest the mother will have in! Varieties of hamsters is `` horde '' classified in seven genera smaller litters, as well as known! With 24 species of hamster.The winter White hamsters tend to spend most of their time and..., hamster shows encourage planned and careful hamster breeding. [ 27 ], Syrian hamsters be! Done your research right teeth, for digging hamsters should not be fed junk food chocolate. That live in the hamster who ’ s full of Life hamster used as pet which 19... As ‘ dwarf hamsters breed all through the year weight during the day to avoid being caught predators... Wild eat seeds, fruits, and will occasionally eat burrowing insects the biggest varieties of hamsters hamster species name. Are very flexible, but this can not be very visible in all.! `` horde '' the domestic strain the species ' range is en­com­passed by female! With tails much shorter than body length and have small furry ears, stocky...

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