Self Reflection: Planning and Decision Making. It is also one of the important management functions and effective decision-making leads to fulfilling expected goals by sorting out different problems related to such decisions. These decisions can be concerning: 1. strategic planning 2. local or international partnerships 3. funding decisions 4. project and programme development 5. internal structures 6. management procedures 7. communication strategies and policies For Decision Making to be effective and contributing to the orga… at each level and function. So, with effective planning, organizations prepare themselves for any future uncertainty. The information contained on the website is for general information purposes only. Sometimes the decision‐making process is extremely short, and mental reflection is essentially instantaneous. Therefore, the results might be ambiguous. This step in the decision-making process not only includes the analysis of different alternatives available or solutions but also an examination of each one of them based on results they are going to produce. Decision-making is defined as the process by which different possible solutions or alternatives are identified and the most feasible solution or course of action is finalized. Planning demands thinking and implementing the best ideas or strategies for organizational success. Due to limited capital or funds in small and medium organizations, it is quite challenging to have comprehensive plans. These are quick decisions and don’t require deep thinking or analysis. HR managers have a great task of simplifying complex information and deducing facts especially while interviewing and selecting candidates. Planning process demands forecasting future needs, i.e. So, value-based decisions help in prioritizing tasks and making goals, identifying different solutions to problems, and finalizing the best solution or alternative. So, planning has an important role to play in decision-making. It controls the wastage of available resources and their duplicity. A decision with risk requires the use of your judgment and good judgment is learned through practice and experience; i.e., oddly enough, probably in making bad decisions and learning from them. Risk-management is an important aspect of any organization, especially in forecasting. This planning needs to be flexible to meet unexpected issues which are not predefined. Employees resist this change due to insecurity, the uncertainty of new plans’ success, and getting used to the current plan. RCS … To handle such unexpected situations, contingency plans are made. These models are: These are used by new organizations having less experience in using strategic business planning. Introduction This essay is a reflective examination of a care episode in the domain of mental health nursing, in relation to the processes of nursing decision making, clinical reasoning, and processes associated with patient care planning and management. Surplus profits help in increasing compensation benefits to employees which ultimately boosts their morale and keeps them motivated. So, it comes with uncertainty. A time of communication, joy and bonding had become a painful experience, leading to lack of interest in any activity related to food or eating, making it more of a chore . It also requires finding ways of improvement and incorporating these improvements in the form of strategies in the plan. Organizational goals are defined based on the mission statement of an organization. Wherein, personal decisions are related to an individual’s decision to meet personal commitments. 15, No. Decisions which are taken by a group of people aiming to achieve a common goal are group decisions. For example, employee engagement activities demand HR staff to work as a group and take decisions for better employee engagement programs. 1–2 - Engagement is limited: Project in an organization refers to the set of inter-related activities which are planned to fulfil certain goals in a specific time period at a given cost using limited resources. apply critical reflection to inform and provide a rationale for professional decision making devise approaches to support constructive decision making with service users, where possible. Good decisions help in increasing the productivity of organizations that result in more profits. Plan for a "worst case scenario" about a situation. The actual results of these solutions are not known as it’s based on performance in the future. That’s just one part of the process, there must be a translation of strategic though into the action of the strategy. -Who will be responsible for different activities? The planning process can be understood further in below example of an organization plan to formulate competitive compensation and benefits structure or plan for employees. The process of this model includes a SWOT analysis (strength, weakness, opportunity and threat), identifying goals and mission, making strategies, action plans, operational plans, budget allocation, and evaluation on yearly basis. single use plans or ongoing plans. Decisions taken have to be in the boundary or within the limits of these policies. It requires imagination skills of a decision maker. However, a powerful tool for making decisions, which is sometimes overlooked, is self reflection. These plans clear planned activities of departments for the near future in detail. 0% Complete. top, middle and bottom. Thus, it encourages innovative thoughts and ideas which, in turn, help the organization to be at a competitive place in the market. Strategies are a set of plans and actions that are defined to meet certain results. Planning is focused on defining organizational goals or objectives, identifying different action plans, deciding and implementing the best action plan to achieve goals. In addition, the quality of decisions also depends upon the value and belief system of the decision-makers. Planning ahead is a key part of better decision making. action plan. There are three areas that we often find are missing when teams develop a strategic plan: Planning helps in increasing efficiency by aiming at cost-reduction and generating maximum output. Goals specify what to achieve by defined rules, policies, process, resources, strategies, etc. 3, pp. However, a change in policy is a time-consuming task and requires lots of things to be considered before any change. Policies are a set of guidelines to accomplish any task effectively and also includes procedure and actions. Individual decisions are taken by one person i.e. Most of the time decision-makers have to take decisions in a limited time frame as instructed by the management. Reflection: What does this mean? Planning is connected to a process, and it is an important element of planning. This motivates the staff members to contribute to decisions through brainstorming or alternatives to solve the problem. For example, a decision regarding higher studies whether to continue in own country or to go abroad is a major decision. After deciding the best solution to address a problem, the next step is to make and implement plans. These are step-by-step inter-related activities to be performed and require different resources like money, manpower, machinery, etc. Planning is involved at all the levels i.e. Decision-making process requires creativity and logical thinking. where and when to go, how to reach the destination, the duration of the trip, where to stay and luggage to carry, etc. routine decisions; as the decision of making an excel sheet for attendance management to keep the attendance record is an individual decision. For example, Diwali bonus payment to employees is a policy matter and calculation of such bonus to handover to employees is considered an operational decision. I led a clinical research team to select an outsourcing company from three candidates each of which could conduct a clinical trial for us. Self-reflection is theorized to occupy as much as 50% of our waking life. Once relevant information is collected and analyzed, the next step is to formulate a plan to achieve defined goals; the plan includes identifying different activities, required resources, timelines, etc. For example, the strategic plan of an organization which aims to reduce the current turnover rate is explained in the below diagram: There are five models of strategic planning which represents its designs or blueprints. Goals are defined at the organizational, department, and individual level and are meant to be achieved in future in a specific time period. -What is the time limit to complete activities?-. Minor decisions are routine decisions and don’t require much time and deep thinking. All these tasks require creating an effective plan which consists of certain activities for the successful execution of a trip. Urban Policy and Research: Vol. For example, in a manufacturing company, different processes are present like production process, quality control and quality assurance process, maintenance process etc. This leads to high motivation among staff and reduces turnovers of quality staff. It answers what to do to achieve the strategic objective rather than how-to-do as in case of operational plans. It has a minimum of two or more alternatives or solutions to a problem so that the best can be decided. This step includes collecting data and information to identify a real issue or problem. Selection of the right model depends on an organization’s goals, mission, and vision. It demands a lot of mental exercise and other components, i.e. Decisions can be of different types depending upon their nature and influence: Programmed decisions are meant for daily routine issues and for those problems that repeat frequently. Planning cannot be 100% accurate and reliable as it is based on forecasting and the future is uncertain, data and information used in making plans may not be accurate, vague decisions made by incompetent planner etc. Like in the below diagram, an organization has formulated a plan i.e. These are also known as life decisions. Reflection On Self Development Through Reflection 1854 Words | 8 Pages. This sample essay on Decision Making Reflection offers an extensive list of facts and arguments related to it. Once made, decisions are evaluated to know the progress by preparing progress reports. The process includes identifying problem areas in business and different scenarios- both best and worst, designing suggestions for an action plan of business in different scenarios, selecting common strategies to handle changes, and identifying common issues through which business is being affected or will be affected in the near future. 2 As interest in SDM interventions grow, so does the need to properly assess SDM in research and practice. Decision making is a selection of course of action from among alternatives to arrive at a solution for a given … For example, developing a performance management system (PMS) strategy for employees demands strategic decisions. Similarly, if an organization policy says that the minimum annual salary increment of staff will be 10% of the salary then increment can’t be less than 10%. Middle- and bottom-level management is responsible for such decisions. Planning requires robust analytical abilities i.e. Both supervisors and subordinates are encouraged to exploit their creative skills and present their innovative plans. Operational plan or work plan refers to the planning process aimed at achieving departmental and organizational goals. A typical self-reflection session will involve reflecting on the day’s events and circumstances. For example, decisions related to expanding the operation of an organization to other countries, launching a new product, introducing performance management system for the first time to the employees are non-programmed decisions where decision-making is a challenging task and these decisions are mostly taken by management or at the top-level. Plans that are made for estimating income and expenses for a specific period are defined as “budget.” Budget is a set of financial plans which are made for a specific period and reviewed at regular intervals. These are the most important aspects of management functions. For example, software companies work on different projects for their clients. Say for example the government plans on promoting cottage in… Planning helps arrange the appropriate flow and sequence of instructional content and events. gap between actual results and expected results. Plans are formulated at each level i.e. education, experience level, intelligence, etc. While quick decision-making is important, taking the time to reflect on the possible choices and looking at long-term implications will set your business on a course to achieve long-term success. It is hard to allocate funds for information gathering, predicting future needs, developing strategies, and hiring specialists. It also clears the organization’s viewpoint on staff. Decision making is a complex process that involves giving consideration to … The planning process revolves around different aspects as shown in the diagram below: Mission or purpose is the base of planning in any organization. For example: Goals are specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and time-bound. Decision-making process ensures better results based on the decisions made. To execute planned activities, decision-making is compulsory. It is mainly useful for small-scale organizations and business. A positive or right decision can bring positive results and negative or wrong decisions can bring negative results. This strategic model is the self-organizing model which is based more on the value system and less on the process. Strategic planning facilitates making short-term decisions based on long-term implications. Implementing a plan refers to allocate defined activities, resources, time guidelines to individuals. This process includes different activities in the planning process to meet organizational goals. Team goal of Human Resource Department: To ensure the development of employees by fulfilling an individual’s personal, professional needs and by meeting organizational goals. Planning predicts various risks related to business and further helps in generating action plans to control and reduce these risks. Planning requires a series of decisions to be incorporated in advance. Without planning, this process of control could not be smooth. Reflections on decision-making and planning is analytical and includes reference to conceptual understanding and skill development. tax policy, import-export policy etc. Decisions which violate policies are not considered for implementation. Unhappy in the form of rules and regulations reason for existence, customers, products or services service. Requires much investment as lots of aspects, i.e present and future activities be! 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